From CNA, this brief article: How the Bahamas Can Rebuild Quickly — Learning from Puerto Rico; by Delilah Barton.
Reading the news reports and seeing the images of the destruction in the Bahamas after Hurricane Dorian, I am reminded of our work in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands following Hurricane Maria. When an island community faces such catastrophic damage, efforts to help and rebuild are difficult and slow. The first impulse is to send immediate aid in the form of food, water and other lifesaving commodities. In the initial days that is essential, but what we have learned in Puerto Rico is that when the damage is on a catastrophic scale — as is now the case in the Bahamas — no government can meet the needs of an entire island’s population. The private sector is key to recovery.
In the aftermath of Hurricane Maria in 2017, the devastation in Puerto Rico was shocking and pleas for help were ubiquitous in news coverage. As a result, the U.S. government launched the largest food mission in U.S. history. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was able to provide more than 30 million meals to the Puerto Rican government during the first 6 months to an island of 3.4 million people. Despite the massive mission, the relief effort amounted to only nine meals per person over six months.
Yet at the same time, the island’s grocers were open within days of landfall and even reported the largest volume of food sales since 2009. In fact, within four weeks of landfall, over 90 percent of residents were fulfilling fundamental needs through the capacity of preexisting private sector supply chains or ad-hoc replacements. Not realizing that, FEMA continued to focus on delivering food and water, inadvertently blocking the efforts of the private sector to recover quickly by taking up limited trucking resources, vessel capacity and dock space at the ports needed for distribution.
Builders profit, owners worry amid disaster-area development.
Thanks for Chris Jones for this link.
From Wiley, this free access article: Social media in disaster communication: A case study of strategies, barriers, and ethical implications
In the wake of Hurricane Dorian’s trail of destruction , affected communities in the United States and elsewhere are beginning the process of recovery while preparing for what may strike next.
Some of these communities may also have the secondary burden of preparing for an uncertain portfolio of federal assistance to support recovery. The kind of assistance that will be available — and when it will be available — will be influenced by public interest, political attention and legislative temperament. These are the hallmarks of our broken system of disaster recovery.
Disaster Response: HHS Should Address Deficiencies Highlighted by Recent Hurricanes in the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico. GAO-19-592: Published: Sep 20, 2019.
It just goes to show a good heart and a bit of innovation can help people after a disaster!
From the Government Accountability Office: Disaster Response: FEMA and the American Red Cross Need to Ensure Key Mass Care Organizations are Included in Coordination and Planning. GAO-19-526: Published: Sep 19, 2019.
Update on October 3, a podcast on this topic. Thanks to Peg Blechman for this citation.
From Govtech.com, this article titled Hurricane Michael’s Recovery Lessons for a Panama City Manager. Among the lessons learned in Panama City as a result of the storm is the inadequacy of the widely accepted guidance that people need to have water, food and other resources to sustain themselves for three days after a hurricane.
In the article there is mention of the principles of New Urbanism. The Diva had to look it up. See this account of New Urbanism from the Michigan Land Use Institute.
Sept. 18: One more article on the slow and painful recovery ongoing in the FL Panhandle.
This is not a political endorsement; it is just a sharing of one presidential candidate’s plan for disaster relief if he is elected. I will post others if I can find them. See: Buttigieg’s Disaster Relief Plan