FEMA- when, why and how it was created

Every week, the blog gets queries about FEMA – when is was created, why, and its functions. So I am bringing up an older posting that addresses those questions.

If you are curious about when, why, and how FEMA was created, I recommend this well-researched, and objective account of the history of emergency management in the U.S. before and since the formation of FEMA: Emergency Management; the American Experience, 1900-2010 (second edition);  2012.

Note that either a hard copy or the ebook version is available from the publisher and from Amazon – go to the Disaster Bookstore for the best price.

Disclosure: the Diva is the editor of this book.



This entry was posted in Federal Government, Federal Response, FEMA. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to FEMA- when, why and how it was created

  1. AS the history points out the real driver on the formation of FEMA was the STATES interest in ensuring dual use of preparedness funding from the federal government for both natural hazards and civil defense. While the Congerss okayed the use of funds in a committee report as early as 1976, the federal civil defense statute [Public Law 920 of the 81st Congress] was not formally made dual use in fact when the Congress in Public Law 103-160 mandated an all-hazard approach. Almost exactly one year later the civil defense statute was largely repealed with the term “emergency management” being substituted for “civil defense” in the remaining portions that were incorporated into the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act [Public Law 100-707] that revoked in part, supplemented in part, and revised in part the Disaster Relief Act of 1974 [Public Law 93-277]!
    There is an open question as to whether the STAFFORD ACT however is truly all-hazards most recently revealed by a non-declaration in the BP catastrophe in the GOM! And perhaps oddly at this point in time a decade after 9/11/01 the STAFFORD ACT fails to mention the word “terrorism” in its text.

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